Waste management is now to be an issue of huge importance in the administration of each municipality. In 2009, many municipalities of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region, are switching from collection through dumpster mode door to door. This mode of collection introduced new scenarios, including the possibility of monitoring capillary the whole chain of waste: from the producer to the final treatment plant. The project, which took place within the scope of the project, developed as part of the Community Initiative Interreg IIIA-2000/2006 Italy-Slovenia, was used to test the traceability of waste within the context of the City Tavagnacco. The primary objective of the project is to create a system able to trace the entire chain of waste through the use of GSM, GPS and RFID.
The system, introduced at the second Italian gvSIG Days 2011, provides a multilingual portal, made entirely with open-source components, and a device that can read RFID tags and communicate data collected through the single access to the Internet provided , for example, through a GSM modem.
The portal provides an outdoor section, accessible to anyone with access to it via the Internet, which provides a range of Infomation General, concerning the project and the regulations, and a set of tools for research and analysis of data waste collection made available by the Agency Net (paths, collection data broken down by type and date), properly organized and georeferenced with respect to the municipal road.
In the internal section, which can be accessed after authentication, you can retrieve information more timely and detailed. In particular, there are a whole series of experimental data obtained from testing of the system proposed to support the traceability of waste. This system uses a mobile device with RFID reader (the test has used blue-tooth technology of virtual serial port to connect to a portable RFID reader). Data on weights and timing of collection of each bin can then be sent to the system by exploiting the connection to the Internet using wireless technology UMTS / GPRS or WiFi.
Georeferencing of didono was performed by the bond that exists between each RFID tag and its owner / carer who, having resided in the municipality, he has associated with a specific number. A comparison between a GPS location of the collection and that of their civic could highlight potential improprieties in the use of the bins.
These data are directly accessible via two inside pages of the portal. The first allows each user to access the data related to the collection associated with the tag of its responsibilities, broken down by day, month and year, in tabular as well as graphical. The second allows, however, to access the data for the various collections which are geo-referenced and displayed on the map by combining the tag at numbers of those responsible.